The Suncross
by Adam Wojtanek


What is a suncross? Suncross, also written Sun cross, is a cross centered inside a circle or wheel. The English word "cross" was probably derived from the Old Irish word "cros" or the Old Norse word "kros". Whichever way it was, the word cross was preceded by the Sumerian word "garza", which means staff or scepter of a Sun god or a king. It was believed that kings embodied god on Earth, in ancient times. And like a king (or queen) in a kingdom, the Sun rules over all parts of our solar system, and dictates the length of the day, the seasons of the year, the length of the year, the vegetation cycles etc. Hence, the suncross represents the movement of the Sun across the sky from the east to the west, and from the north to the south during the winter and summer seasons on our planet. Therefore, a cross in a circle is also used as an astrological symbol for planet Earth - and I don't see anything odd about that.

The cross in a wheel is one of the most ancient, if not the most ancient symbols known to man found across our planet. The suncross also has a long tradition in spiritual healing, Yoga, divination, ancient sciences, and for example, in basic designs of Buddhist Mandalas, Hindu Yantras or American Indian designs, just to name a few. It was a very important symbol for those that followed the movement of the Sun across the sky, as well as for those that followed the movement of the Moon across the sky. Hence, its universal use could represent unity in diversity - something there's always been a need for in the world.

So, why am I using the word "suncross" (or "Sun cross") instead of a solar cross, sun wheel, Celtic cross, cross of Wotan, a Mandala etc? Some of the reasons are because:
1) the suncross, which represents the movement of the Sun has been used by me for as long as I can remember,
2) other names and forms of the cross have become associated with other subjects, persons, worldviews, traditions etc.
3) some forms and names of the cross have been misused and misrepresented in some parts of the world in the past.

What is the purpose of the cross and where does it come from?
Since ancient times, scholars attempted to find a key to harmony and order in the Universe, and a way to organize the knowledge and wisdom they had in some way so it could be easily passed on to others. That's because it's in the nature of the mind to organize things in a rational, logical and vivid way - even modern scientists try to find logic and order in the chaos.

Long before the first written language was invented, symbols such as the Sun cross were used to express complex ideas. Some of those ideas dealt with the rhythm of time, the seasons, times in our lives, and the movement of the celestial bodies across the sky. For example, it was observed that there are four times of the day, that there are four stages in life (childhood, youth, adulthood, old age), four cardinal directions, four seasons, four types of elements, etc. and they personalized such knowledge in the form of rituals, holidays and in images and other forms of expression, which may be difficult for us to comprehend, today.

It may come as a surprise to some that ancients predecessors of modern scientists were not as ignorant as followers of the Darwinian Theory may believe. They just didn't stumble by accident on same revolutionary discoveries that lead us to where we are today; especially in the field of medicine and electronics. But the ancients also had luck, and discovered other revolutionary things by accident that we have no knowledge of, and which have been lost through time, often due to religious fanaticism.

Among those ancients, were man of great wisdom, who studied nature, our anatomy and the celestial bodies. They passed their knowledge on to others through the word of mouth and through symbols or drawings. That passage of knowledge from one generation to another continued for millennia in closed circles and in monasteries. Perhaps some of their knowledge was not well founded, had gone astray or we just don't fully understand it, but it still could hold a treasure-house of new insight and knowledge for those, who have an open mind and an inner calling for that type of treasure hunt. Perhaps that's also why there's been such an interest in wisdom of the east, a wisdom that was wide spread among ancient Indo-Europeans, and parts of which survived into our times in Asia.

Ancient learned man functioned in a difficult and hostile environment, full of ignorance, skeptics and people mostly interested in building muscles, satisfying their basic needs, in winning wars, making babies, and "putting food on the table". Some of those learned man were fortunate to find a place in their community by "making a living" as Shaman, Magi or Medicine Man. Eventually, they were the ones that gave rise to organized religion, education, social sciences, management and science such as astronomy, medicine, chemistry and mathematics.

The earliest centers of learning and schools were much like religious sects, in which different observations, experiments and theories were discussed and adopted. Such centers of learning were not invented by the Greeks. They were as old as mankind, and followed early man on their journey from Africa to the Middle East, where according to archaeologic evidence Homo sapiens met Neanderthals. From there, those traditions followed man to the Indian subcontinent or perhaps to the
Kumari Kandam continent (it is believed that Sri Lanka and Madagascar are remaining parts of that lost continent), which were a remnant after the super continent Gondwana, before reaching India. Then from there to Australia, the Himalayan region, the Caspian and Black Sea area, Europe and other regions. Finally, it returned to the Indian subcontinent in a new form with migrations of Aryan tribes due to an Ice Age in northern regions of Eurasia. And spread from the Caspian Sea region towards Europe, Mongolia and as far as the Americas. That's the theory I arrived at based on latest archaeologic discoveries, scientific theories and genetic studies of migration of man. But nobody can be really sure if those won't change in some way in the future when new discoveries are made. So, let's keep an open mind on the subject...

The cross had accompanied man on his and her long journey through time and across the planet. Our ancestors didn't know writing. So, they didn't leave written records for us to find; though there have been claims by some pseudo-scientists such as
James Churchward, that he saw written tablets from the lost continent that he called 'Mu' (Kumari Kandam), hidden in a Hindu temple. And that there were Brahmins guarding them, who knew the language and how to read those tablets.

In Pre-Christian times, learned spiritual people studied the heavens, movement of the Sun, Moon, stars, and studied the forces of nature such as fire, static electricity or the life force, for example. They knew how to use plants, herbs and minerals in many ways. The earliest roots of science came from people like that. They were the earliest prototypes of modern scientists.

For those initiated into a given hermetic system of logic, organization of data is important. And the suncross has been used as an instrument for transfer of defined types of wisdom and knowledge through concentration, meditation and assimilation - a process similar to Classical Yoga (dharma, dhyana, samadhi). Based on the basic cross model, much more sophisticated and multidimensional designs were developed for storage of more complex data in the person's neuron network system. The design of the Shri Yantra is an example of such a highly developed instrument used for such a purpose. And it is believed by some scholars that the Hindu scripture - The Veda; especially the Rig Veda and Sama Veda discuss the mechanics of neuron network systems - more on that in Introduction to Sama Veda by S.V. Ganapati. Even in our times, such designs serve the common man to identify with a given tradition or culture group, worldview, religion, and are also used as talisman or good luck charms, for example.

Whatever the case may be, a cross is a carrier of great power that has given comfort to many; especially in difficult times, and which has been imprinted into the subconscious of mankind through genetic memory imprints that are passed on from generation to generation. Though it is very unlikely, I wouldn't even be surprised if the sciences associated with the Hindu Veda and the cross design were passed on to us by time travelers because they are so much in line with modern trends in physics and science that are just being theorized and/or under exploration. But that would be another subject, for another time.

But most likely, we are just beginning to rediscover some of the ancient wisdom and knowledge that have been forgotten through many, long ages of darkness and ignorance; esp. after the destruction of the great Alexandrian libraries; even though there may have also been some brighter and wiser short times through some eras. That of course, poses other questions that nobody is asking yet.. So, I will leave that subject for you to think about for now. And while you're at it, think of the potential that a combination of ancient wisdom and knowledge with modern science could have.

The subject here is an ancient system of organization of information. And perhaps it's time I should also explain why it is still important and relevant in our times. It's not a secret that many of us are literally overwhelmed every day with tons of tasks and information from many diverse sources. Our minds are often incapable of handling such large amounts of data. So, we have to be selective and concentrate on that which is of interest to us at the moment. The computers we have created to assist us in that task have become a source of even more information and stress. In the end, everything comes down to the user who has to make some sense out of all that information and sort it out.

Among all that, we come across so called "conspiracy theories" that may often sound convincing as they may try to disclose some secrets that we weren't aware of, and that may be holding us back from seeing a broader picture reality. And it may take many years before some become aware that they've been fooled. It's all about our consciousness; in other words, our awareness of reality and our place in it. And that's a serious subject that many authors have written many works on, because consciousness shapes our reality, and our world.

A not too dogmatic and not too difficult system of practice for organization of ideas, thoughts and information or data is very important to have for integrity of a healthy mind, as well as holistic health in our times. Equally important is understanding of our place in the world and the Universe as not just a part of nature, but as nature itself.

Trees symbolize nature to many of us in our times. Just like a tree that is not only a part of nature, but nature itself, we are parts of nature and nature itself. What that means is that we are not separate from nature or better from it. And we are the youngest beings on our planet and perhaps in our Solar System. We are at the highest evolutionary level of development compared to other animals and manifestations of nature and our planet. Doesn't that sound a bit odd? As you see, there's so much more to be discovered.

Below are a few examples of highly developed designs of the cross, which can be found in India. Illustration #1 shows a Hindu Shri Yantra, known also as Shri Chakra. It''s been described in Hindu scriptures as a pyramid shape city (illustration #2) with four gates on each side of the base (bhupura). The four gates at the base of the Shri Chkram are in the form of a cross.



Shri Yantra

Shri Chakra


Illustration #3 shows a rare bronze cross design from
Early Iron Age that was found in Poland. Many other traditional type Pre-Christian Slavic and Celtic crosses that resemble an early Christian cross in a circle were also found at other archaeologic sites in Poland. But cross #3 more clearly then the conventional ones depicts an ancient Indoeuropean school of though that I'm familiar, which is a lot older then the Bible.

One that follows the Vedic tradition or Hinduism will recognize the image of the god Brahma in the design of the four sides of the Svetowit/ Swetowit column, discovered in a river in
Zbrucza, Ukraine in 1848, which I am sure was used not just for spiritual rites and divination but also to transfer hermetic knowledge and wisdom. And the cross in figure #3 is a clever representation of that ancient spiritual tradition.

Ancient wisdom and scientific knowledge was put in writing thousands of years ago and collected in the library of Alexandria in Egypt. But most of those precious works went up in flames and were lost. Yet, some have survived in India, and are accessible in Sanskrit language works and their translations. However, those works are for those who are initiated into their secrets, and they aren't easy to find; especially if one doesn't know where to look for them, and what to look for in them.

Ancient mounds made of stone in the form of a cross were found at distant locations on our planet. For example, the one on illustration #4 shows such a mound that was discovered in Poland, and a
similar one from Tarlton, Ohio, for example. There was an ancient center, a source of those traditions that migrating nomads brought to Central Europe and the Americas in prehistoric times. More light on that subject can be shed through comparative linguistic, archaeologic and genetic studies.

Examples of other type cross designs can be seen on illustrations #6, #7 and #8. These are just a few examples of more elaborate cross designs to help the reader get a broader understanding of how the cross has accompanied mankind in various forms and traditions.



Cross. Inowroclaw, Poland. Circa 2200 BC

Burial mound, Grabonog, Poland. Circa 1500-1200 BC




American Indian Medicine Wheel
represents the four directions

Hindu goddess Lalita Tripura Sundari, who's
four hands point at the four directions of the world.

Shiva Lingam with deities on its four sides Romanesque bowl from a temple
Altenkirchen, island of Rugen

Cross designs were used for many purposes since prehistoric times. They were used in the layouts of settlements, construction of architecture, in decorative designs and in spirituality. That's because difficult ideas such as for example the four
seasons, classical elements or four cardinal directions can easily be visualized in the cross. That design could even be applied in modern science for the genetic code, four dimensional space, Kardashev scale and many other purposes.

A cross, in an X design may also represent the movement of the Sun and the Moon across the sky, or the male and female triangles; sometimes symbolized by the Sun and Moon, consecutively. A cross design can also be associated with the
Four Hindu Gods. It's also found in the form of the Vedic and Buddhist Homa fire alter, four headed Hindu god Brahma and the four sided Slavic pillar of Svetovid that represents four gods. It's found in modern structures such as the Georgia Guidestones, for example. It is also found in Christianity as the most sacred symbol.

Other well known examples of a cross design are found in construction of ancient pyramids, temples and settlements such as The gigantic
Bayon Temple in Cambodia near Angkor Wat that was clearly dedicated the Hindu god Brahma, though it was wrongly associated with Buddha by the French, Atlantis, Troy, Arkaim in Russia, Trelleborg in Denmark or more recently in the design of the Round City of Bhagdad built between 762-768 AD. The design of such sites may have been made for many unknown to us reasons. Perhaps it was for protection from wild animals or to keep farm animals within the settlements; for protection from invaders; for spiritual protection; as a tool for transfer of knowledge and other practical purposes. It may have been also used because of the simplicity of design, its functionality or due to old traditions. Whatever it may have been, the design is multi-functional and as old as mankind.

Know thyself

[ An ancient inscription in the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, Greece ]

Truth or God is one, but wise men call It or Him/Her by different names.

... and as the spider emits out of itself the threads of its web; and as the female crane conceives without a male; and as the lotus wonders from one pond to another without any means of conveyance; so the intelligent Brahman also may be assumed to create the world by itself without extraneous means ...

Shankara Bhasya, Vedanta Sutra 2.1.25. Translated by George Thibaut and edited by Max Muller, Oxford University Press 1904.

"Will you teach your children what we have taught our children? That the Earth is our mother. What befalls the Earth befalls all the sons of the Earth. This we know: the Earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the Earth. All things are connected like the blood that unites us all. Man did not weave the web of life, he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself. One thing we know: our god is also your god. The Earth is precious to him and to harm the Earth is to heap contempt on its creator."

- American Indian,
Chief Seattle's Speech

Energy is neither created nor destroyed, it is simply transferred from one place to another.

Albert Einstein

There is no difference between Brahma, Atman and/or Maya.
Just as "fire" and "heat" are different terms used to describe the same entity.

Adam Wojtanek

I see little difference between my Maya and the Cosmic Maya.
Hence, I find light also in modern physics.

Adam Wojtanek

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